Federal Enterprise Architecture Framework Version 1.1 †
Executive Order 13011, Federal Information Technology, established the Chief Information Officers (CIO) Council as the principal interAgency forum for improving practices in the design, modernization, use, sharing, and performance of Federal information resources. The Clinger-Cohen Act of 1996 assigned the CIOs with the responsibility to develop information technology architectures (ITAs). The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) M-97-02, Funding Information Systems Investments, October 1996, requires that Agency investments in major information systems be consistent with Federal, Agency, and Bureau ITAs. The CIO Council began developing the Federal Enterprise Architecture Framework in April 1998 to promote shared development for common Federal processes, interoperability, and sharing of information among the Agencies of the Federal Government and other Governmental entities.
In serving the strategic needs and direction of the Federal Government, the CIO Council seeks to develop, maintain, and facilitate the implementation of the top-level enterprise architecture for the Federal Enterprise. The Framework consists of various approaches, models, and definitions for communicating the overall organization and relationships of architecture components required for developing and maintaining a Federal Enterprise Architecture. The CIO Council chose a segment architecture approach that allows critical parts of the overall Federal Enterprise, called architectural segments, to be developed individually, while integrating these segments into the larger Enterprise Architecture. Federal Agencies can use the same or a modified approach to develop their ITAs in response to the Clinger-Cohen Act. In either case, the Framework can help with architecture development efforts at Federal organizations.
The architecture will serve as a reference point to facilitate the efficient and effective coordination of common business processes, information flows, systems, and investments among Federal Agencies and other Governmental entities. In time, Government business processes and systems will operate seamlessly in an enterprise architecture that provides models and standards that identify and define the information services used throughout the Government.